What is Thyroid?

Thyroid disease is very normal in today’s lifestyle. It can be caused because of over or under functioning of thyroid gland. The thyroid gland plays a very important role in producing thyroid hormones, which helps in maintaining body metabolism, burning calories and several other functions.

The thyroid gland is located in the front of the neck below the Adam’s apple. Thyroid disease is more common in women than men. One in eight women are suffering from this problem.

These issues we can notice in a woman who is suffering from Thyroid disease.

  1. Problem with menstrual period– Imbalance in thyroid hormone i.e. too much production of thyroid hormone can affect your period. Thyroid disease is also responsible for a condition called Amenorrhea, in which your periods will stop for several months or longer.
  2. Problem getting pregnant– Thyroid disease affects fertility and ovulation.
  3. During pregnancy it affects the health of both mother and baby.

Symptoms of hypothyroid

  • Muscle weakness
  • Joint or muscle pain
  • Constipation
  • Feeling colder than other
  • Tiredness
  • Pale, dry skin
  • Feeling sad or depressed.


Hashimoto’s Thyroid (auto immune) is the most common cause of hypothyroidism where the body makes antibodies that destroy parts of thyroid gland.

Secrets o losing weight in Thyroid disease-

It is difficult and sometimes seems impossible to lose weight if someone is having hypothyroid. But, making a significant change to your diet and right treatment can make it possible.

  • Your unique physiology
  • sensitivity towards food
  • Ability to absorb nutrients
  • Effective metabolism
  • Storing
  • Burns carbohydrates

These factors will decide what type of diet you have to follow.



Some major points we should consider while making a diet plan for Thyroid patient.

  • Calorie restriction
  • Limit consumption of thyroid-slowing raw goitrogenic-  foods and vegetables like kale, spinach, and broccoli, brussel sprouts, cauliflower, cabbage(cruciferous vegetables ) (Watch out raw juice diets in particular!)
  • Eliminating gluten/wheat from your diet by following a gluten-free diet.
  • Avoid overconsumption of simple carbohydrates and sugar by following a low-glycemic diet.
  • Go for an anti-inflammatory diet, such as the Autoimmune Protocol/Anti-Inflammatory/AIP Diet.
  • Include an unprocessed, low-sugar, whole foods diet.
  • Go for a low-carbohydrate diet or very low-carbohydrate diet such as the ketogenic diet.
  • Change the timing of your meals, such as following the intermittent fasting
  • Avoid allergy causing foods, which include dairy, wheat, soy, and certain fruits and nuts. 


For thyroid patients, if thyroid gland is underactive and you are hypothyroid, a lack of treatment or improper treatment may create a trouble in weight loss, despite diet and exercise. First, diagnosis of hypothyroidism becomes very important in this case. If you will take too much time to get diagnosed with hypothyroidism, the more weight you could gain. While you’re becoming hypothyroid, even before your TSH is elevated enough to warrant treatment, your metabolism can slow down significantly, burning fewer calories each day. Hypothyroidism will give negative effects to your body like tiredness, achy, and less likely to exercise, which also reduces your metabolism



For thyroid patients, calorie restriction or isn’t enough to allow for weight loss. Hypothyroidism can lower your metabolism, which means you need fewer calories, making it tougher to cut enough calories to generate effective weight loss. One of the most important things you can do to increase your metabolism is exercise.


These are drugs that doctors prescribe for your thyroid-related symptoms and problems can cause weight gain problem. For example,

  • Antithyroid drugs such as methimazole and PTU used to treat Graves’ disease and hyperthyroidism
  • Beta blockers (often used to treat hyperthyroidism)
  • Steroid anti-inflammatories (i.e. prednisone)
  • Estrogen and progesterone independently, or together as the “pill” or in hormone replacement therapy
  • Certain antidepressants, especially Prozac, Paxil, and Zoloft
  • Mood-stabilizing and anticonvulsant drugs such as those given for bipolar disorder, including lithium, valproate (Depakote) and carbamazepine(Tegretol)  


For weight lose purpose, it’s very important that you’re not getting enough water. Water increases your metabolism work more efficiently. It will participate in reducing appetite, elimination of water retention and bloating, and improves both elimination and digestion.

In today’s lifestyle many people probably not getting enough fiber. Getting a good amount of fiber is one of the important things you can do as a thyroid patient if you have to manage your weight.



A very important factor for weight loss is getting enough sleep. One 16-year study shows that women who sleep five hours per night were 32 percent more likely to experience major weight gain as much as 33 pounds or more and were 15 percent more likely to become obese over the course of the study, compared to those who slept seven hours a night.

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