Water retention Symptoms, Causes, Prevention & Treatment

Water retention happens because of excessive buildup of fluids in the circulatory system, body tissues or cavities in the body. It affects many different parts of the body and for different reasons. Traveling for longer period, hormone changes and too much salt can all cause your body to retain excess water. 70% of body is made up of water.

       1. Symptoms-

You can notice these symptoms in different parts of body:

  • Discoloration of skin, pitting edema, pain, aches and puffiness in abdomen area, face and legs.
  • Sometimes it causes stiffness, bloating and weight gain also.


2. Causes-

There are many causes which are given below:

  • Water retention can occur due to changes in this regulatory system, or a range of other triggers.
  • Any injury in capillaries and fluctuated blood pressure makes the walls leaky, which leads to water retention.
  • We need sodium to regulate blood pressure and fluid levels, but if you are taking too much of sodium, it will leads to water retention.
  • Anything which can stop lymphatic drainage will also lead to water retention.
  • Your lifestyle can play a major role in this, standing and sitting for longer periods can cause water retention.
  • If you are physically inactive or not performing any kind of exercise then it will lead to water retention.
  • Heart failure causes change in blood pressure, which leads to serious water retention.
  • A kidney disease also leads to water retention.
  • Premenstrual water retention leads to bloating and also heaviness in breast. It happens because of hormonal imbalance in our body.
  • If someone is not having enough protein which is mainly in the case of vegetarians, may feel difficulty in balancing the flow of fluids in their body.
  • Some medications can also cause water retention.
  • Lack of thyroid  hormone could be a reason of water retention.
  • We need sodium to regulate blood pressure and fluid levels, but if you are taking too much of sodium, it will leads to water retention.


       3. How to prevent and treat –

If you want a proper treatment for this problem then please do visit your doctor, he/ she will help you to find out the root cause of the problem and also will prescribe some medicines on the basis of symptoms.

There are some preventions given below:

  • Exercise everyday day at least for 30 min.
  • Take Epsom salt bath during this period
  • To make the fluid flow smoothly and to improve blood circulation, raise your leg for 3-4 times a day.
  • A massage on the affected area will also help in blood circulation and make the fluid flow properly.
  • If you are overweight then please go for weight loss plans.
  • Wear supporting stockings in affected are normally lower limbs.
  • While traveling avoid sitting in the car, train and aero plain for longer period, take breaks and do walking.
  • Avoid extreme temperatures.
  • Drink plenty amount of water as water is a natural diuretic.
  • Thyroid patients should get treated immediately as we talked above that lack of thyroid hormone could be a major reason of water retention.
  • Ask your doctor to prescribe rest of the supplements according to your medical conditions.

        4. Diet and its role-


  • Avoid high intake of sodium and salt in your diet.
  • Stop eating processed foods.
  • Eat more fresh and healthy food items.
  • Include more vegetables in your diet. Go for more Green leafy vegetables.
  • Maintain good amount of magnesium in the body. Try to get it from natural food sources like nuts, whole grains, beans and GLV’s.
  • Eat more food which is rich in vitamin B6, such as walnuts, potatoes and banana.
  • Vitamin B6 is also advisable in premenstrual period to get rid of bloating and heaviness in breast.
  • If someone is not able to get these nutrients from natural food sources, then supplements are available for Vitamin B6 and magnesium.
  • You can help balance your sodium by eating potassium-rich foods like bananas and spinach.

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Written by admin